Love the outdoor deck or patio but don't want to be roasted by the hot sun? Depending on the location of your deck the sun's hot rays can make it unusable - even at times you would love to be outdoors enjoying your patio or deck with friends and family. Traditional solutions include not going outside - who wants to do that?! Or, investing in a fixed structure like a roof or wood framing with a semi-permanent covering. This alternative takes a lot of time and expense. Another alternative is a shade awning. These are usually retractable and manufacturers often offer an electric retractable option. However the cost of awnings can be several thousand dollars. Consider the latest ideas of outdoor sun protection -shade sails - without breaking your budget. Actually, it's a misnomer to call it a modern invention. The concept has been around since Roman times. Similar fabrics that powered mighty sail boats were engineered to be more horizontal over a living space protecting residents from the harsh sun during the day. Of course, one of the biggest weaknesses to overcome and why they shade sails have become more popular is manufacturers are able to add UV protectant to the fabric so it does not degrade as quickly. Another reason for their increased use on outdoor decks, playgrounds and living spaces is a better understanding of the harmful and cancer causing effects of the sun's UV rays. So how do you engineer a safe way to use shade sails? First, if you have ever watched a sail boat in action you'll notice the sailor's ability to raise a sail with the right amount of tension to catch the breeze. It's exactly the same idea only laid out horizontally to block the sun not catch the wind. Designers for shade sails typically offer 3 sided or square pieces of UV treated cloth, usually poly coated for your needs. For safety reasons you need anchor points such as your exterior house wall and a post(s) that are strong enough to hold the tension of the material. Suppliers also offer permanent or temporary ways to anchor you shade sail. You want to be able to quickly remove your shade sail in case of bad weather or the winter season to bring down safely. Check out these different designs of shade sails here. To learn more about shade sales check out this info. resource.
The influence of Catholic religious life in the Harrisburg area has a long history. Catholicism first came to Central Pennsylvania before the American Revolutionary War. It was German Jesuits who first constructed the first places of worship starting in 1730. By the early 1800's there was a small Catholic mission in Harrisburg. Along with the rest of the country Irish immigrants contributed to the growth of Harrisburg. The Rev. Patrick Leary bought property on State Street in 1824, and the cornerstone for the first St. Patrick's church was laid two years later. The church was built for $6,500. The Diocese of Harrisburg was established by Pope Pius IX in 1868. St. Patrick's was named the pro-cathedral of the new diocese. St. Patrick's first cathedral continued in this leadership role for nearly 35 years. Beginning in 1902 Bishop John W. Shanahan proposed that a more permanent cathedral be built in the diocese. A committee was formed and they accepted the plans of Philadelphia architect George I. Lovatt, Sr. Ground was broken for the new church in 1904 and it was completed in March 1, 1907. The cathedral was built for $250,000. Lovatt's firm was a major benefactor of Catholic commissions during the early 1900's. He received both local and national honors, In 1927 he was joined in the firm by his son George I. Lovatt Jr., but did not retire until 1940. Construction was not a straight forward process. Bodies that had been buried in the parish cemetery had to be relocated to the new Mount Calvary Cemetery. The church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a contributing property in the Harrisburg Historic District in 1976. If you are a lover of architecture you'll appreciate St. Patrick's Cathedral. It was designed in the Baroque Revival style of that era with Renaissance Revival influences and capped with a classically influenced dome. The exterior of the building is covered in granite from North Carolina. The interior featured wainscoting covered in oriental marble topped with Connemara marble. The main nave is flanked by granite columns that support a vaulted ceiling. There are forty-four stained glass windows in the nave that were imported from Munich, Germany. The original altar was patterned after the Bernini altar found in the Chapel of the Blessed Sacrament in St. Peter's Basilica, Rome. The original pulpit featured carved figures that were patterned after a fresco found in the Roman Catacombs. It showed the four evangelists with the Lamb of God standing on the Mystic mount. A bronze crucifix in the rear of the cathedral. We honor the influence of this moving architecture and religious history in Harrisburg that continues today with the kickoff of our latest video. See Primary Reference for More Insights