The founding fathers checks and balance philosophy of our new nation took on its full force during the first term of Senator William Maclay. He took on none other than President George Washington in what he saw was the ever expanding power of the Executive Branch. Before he became one of the first class of new senators in the initial two year term in our new nation, Senator Maclay was a soldier, lawyer, surveyor, state legislator and judge. Senator Maclay was a fervent supporter of the constitution in 1787. But it is he along with Senator James Madison that were among the first to speak loudly against the actions of the new national government. He was convicted that President Washington was unconstitutionally taking the powers of the executive branch too far beyond the powers of the states. Besides the records of Senatorial debates Maclay also was devoted to his own private congressional journal. This is invaluable for historians to gain insight on the tension of the times. His public record and private thoughts give us a unique view of his hopes, fears and concerns about the issues of his day in forging a way forward in the new government. To give an example you are probably already aware the written constitution of the USA leaves many important matters unclear. The constitution says that the President can make treaties with the advice and consent of the Senate. But what does that really mean in how the two branches work together? In 1789 President Washington entered the Senate to spell out the treaty provisions he negotiated with Indians along the nation's border with Spanish Florida. The Senators responded with debating the treaty at length. President Washington was so angry at their response that ever since the President and their diplomatic team have worked out a way to negotiate the treaties and then send them to the Senate for their vote to approve. Senator Maclay's journal reflects his biggest fear - that the Executive Branch would continue to expand its powers in order to become just another form of royalty. This was the very principle much blood was just shed in the Revolutionary War with Great Britain to be freed from the tyranny of one ruler. We honor the precedent setting role of the feisty Senator Maclay with our intro to our latest Harrisburg video. To learn more about the life and times of Senator Maclay and the preservation of his mansion check out: Resource 1 Resource 2
Love the outdoor deck or patio but don't want to be roasted by the hot sun? Depending on the location of your deck the sun's hot rays can make it unusable - even at times you would love to be outdoors enjoying your patio or deck with friends and family. Traditional solutions include not going outside - who wants to do that?! Or, investing in a fixed structure like a roof or wood framing with a semi-permanent covering. This alternative takes a lot of time and expense. Another alternative is a shade awning. These are usually retractable and manufacturers often offer an electric retractable option. However the cost of awnings can be several thousand dollars. Consider the latest ideas of outdoor sun protection -shade sails - without breaking your budget. Actually, it's a misnomer to call it a modern invention. The concept has been around since Roman times. Similar fabrics that powered mighty sail boats were engineered to be more horizontal over a living space protecting residents from the harsh sun during the day. Of course, one of the biggest weaknesses to overcome and why they shade sails have become more popular is manufacturers are able to add UV protectant to the fabric so it does not degrade as quickly. Another reason for their increased use on outdoor decks, playgrounds and living spaces is a better understanding of the harmful and cancer causing effects of the sun's UV rays. So how do you engineer a safe way to use shade sails? First, if you have ever watched a sail boat in action you'll notice the sailor's ability to raise a sail with the right amount of tension to catch the breeze. It's exactly the same idea only laid out horizontally to block the sun not catch the wind. Designers for shade sails typically offer 3 sided or square pieces of UV treated cloth, usually poly coated for your needs. For safety reasons you need anchor points such as your exterior house wall and a post(s) that are strong enough to hold the tension of the material. Suppliers also offer permanent or temporary ways to anchor you shade sail. You want to be able to quickly remove your shade sail in case of bad weather or the winter season to bring down safely. Check out these different designs of shade sails here. To learn more about shade sales check out this info. resource.